PIEL and PUAL VERBS


Active The subject does the action of the verb.
Passive The subject receives the action of the verb.
Meaning
Piel
Pual
Intensive: quality, quantity, reality (factitive; denominative)

A.    QAL and NIPHAL verbs were very simple, but the opposite is true with Piel and Pual verbs.  They are extremely difficult even for the advanced scholar.  The dictionary will determine how the word is used.

B.    These verbs are intensive in nature, but the intensification happens in one of four ways.

1.    Quality: Something becomes stronger
2.    Quantity: Something becomes greater
3.    Reality:  It is made reality
a.    Denominative verbs are verbs made from nouns.  This is like the word harpoon (a spear for killing whales). When a man harpoons a whale he merely uses a harpoon.
b.    Factitive: An act is received by an object. The navy made him a man.
4.    Simple:  Words were often used in this form and eventually the meaning was lost.  In our present culture the word awesome is so overused that it is without meaning on some people's lips.  The Israelites stopped using the QAL/NIPHAL forms and only used the PIEL/PUAL of some words.
 

RULE: Interpret these words as the dictionary does.


C.    How does one use the dictionary to interpret a verb?
1.    Remember that the Online Bible shows two numbers with each verb.  The one on the left inside the<> symbols is the lexical form and the one on the right inside the () symbols is the inflectional form.
2.    Click on the inflectional form and if the word is Piel then click on the Lexical form and look up what the word means in the Piel.
3.    In Genesis 2:3 it says that God blessed the seventh day.  The word bless is a piel verb (8762) and so it is necessary to click on the number of the lexical form <01288>.  On the graphic of the screen notice that outside of the Piel the word can mean several different things, but in the Piel form it means to bless.


(Hint: To get your window to look like this go to the WINDOW tab in the Online Bible
and click the option that is called TILE VERTICAL)

 
D.    There is a more advanced dictionary that the student will learn to use in a later lesson which will be more helpful in determining meaning.
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