[BACK] [NEXT]1 John 3:18; mh. avgapw/men lo,gw|, let us not love in word.REM. 1. In Matt. 25:9 a Subjunctive after the conjunction mh, is negatived by ouv (WH. margin), or, according to other MSS., followed by WH. (text) by the strong negative ouv mh,.
Heb. 4:7; mh. sklhru,nhte ta.j kardi,aj u`mw/n, harden not your hearts.
2 Cor. 12:20; fobou/mai ga.r mh, pwj evlqw.n ouvc oi[ouj qe,lw eu[rw u`ma/j, for I fear, lest by any means, when I come, I should find you not such as I would. See also Acts 20:16; Rom. 10:15; 1 Cor. 2:5.
REM. 2. In Rom. 5:11 ouv mo,non limits a verb understood which is probably to be taken as a Subjunctive. Cf. 479, 481.
476. In classical Greek, ouv is used with the Potential Optative; mh, with the Optative of Wishing. In the New Testament, no instance of a negatived Potential Optative occurs. With the Optative of Wishing mh, is used as in classical Greek. HA. 1020; G. 1608.Gal. 6:14; evmoi. de. mh. ge,noito kauca/sqai, but far be it from me to glory. See also Mark 11:14; Rom. 3:4, 6, 31, etc.477. In classical Greek, the Optative in subordinate clauses takes mh. as its negative except in indirect discourse and after mh. lest. HA. 1021, 1022; G. 1610.
In the New Testament, no instance of a negatived Optative in a subordinate clause occurs.
478. The negative of the Imperative is mh. HA. 1019; G. 1610.
This rule holds in the New Testament with very rare exceptions.Luke 12:11; mh. merimnh,shte pw/j h' ti, avpologh,shsqe, be not anxious how or what ye shall answer. See also under 165.479. Of the apparent exceptions to the rule stated above (478), some are to be explained as parenthetic non-imperative phrases in the midst of imperative sentences. So, clearly, in 1 Cor. 5:10, [I meant] not [that you should have no company] at all, with the fornicators of this world, etc. So also 2 Tim. 2:14, that they strive not about words, [a thing which is] profitable for nothing. The use of ouvc rather than mh, in 1 Pet. 3:3 seems to indicate that the following words, o` . . . ko,smoj, are excluded from the injunction rather than included in a prohibition. In 1 Pet. 2:18 ouv mo,non occurs, perhaps as a fixed phrase, after a participle with Imperative of the verb ei=nai understood. On the other hand, it is noticeable that elsewhere limitations of the Imperative when negatived regularly take mh,. Thus mh, mo,non occurs in John 18:9; Phil. 2:12; Jas. 1:22. Cf. 481.