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157
158
159

THE MOODS.


MOODS IN PRINCIPAL CLAUSES.

THE INDICATIVE MOOD.

 
157.The Indicative is primarily the mood of the unqualified assertion or simple question of fact. HA. 865; G. 1317.
John 1:1; VEn avrch/| h=n o` lo,goj, in the beginning was the Word.

Mark 4:7; kai. karpo.n ouvk e;dwken, and it yielded no fruit.

Matt. 2:2; pou/ evstin o` tecqei.j basileu.j tw/n VIoudai,wn, where is he that is born King of the Jews?

John 1:38; ti, zhtei/te, what are ye seeking?

158. The Indicative has substantially the same assertive force in many principal clauses containing qualified assertions. The action is conceived of as a fact, though the assertion of the fact is qualified.
John 13:8; eva.n mh. ni,yw se( ouvk e;ceij me,roj metV evmou/, if I wash thee not, thou hast no part with me.
159. (a) When qualified by particles such as a;n, ei;qe, etc., the Indicative expresses various shades of desirability, improbability, etc. Respecting these secondary uses of the Indicative in principal clauses, see 26, 27, 248.

    (b) Respecting the uses of the Future Indicative in other than a purely assertive sense, see 67, 69, 70.

    (c) Respecting the uses of the Indicative in subordinate clauses, see 185-360, passim.

REM.The uses of the Indicative described in 157 and 158 are substantially the same in English and in Greek and occasion no special difficulty to the English interpreter of Greek. The uses referred to in 159 exhibit more difference between Greek and English, and each particular usage requires separate consideration.