THE IMPERATIVE MOOD
180. THE IMPERATIVE MOOD is used in commands and exhortations. HA. 873; G. 1342.
Matt. 5:42; tw/| aivtou/nti, se do,j, give to him that asketh thee.REM. Respecting other methods of expressing a command, see 67, 160-167, 364.
1 Thess. 5:19; to. pneu/ma mh. sbe,nnute, quench not the spirit.
181. THE IMPERATIVE MOOD is also used in entreaties and petitions.Mark 9:22; avllV ei; ti du,nh|( boh,qhson h`mi/n splagcnisqei.j evfV h`ma/j, but if thou canst do anything, have compassion on us and help us.182. THE IMPERATIVE MOOD is also used to express consent, or merely to propose an hypothesis.
Luke 17:5; Kai. ei=pan oi` avpo,stoloi tw/| kuri,w|( Pro,sqej h`mi/n pi,stin, and the apostles said to the Lord, Increase our faith.
John 17:11; Pa,ter a[gie( th,rhson auvtou.j evn tw/| ovno,mati, sou, holy Father, keep them in thy name.Matt. 8:31, 32; oi` de. dai,monej pareka,loun auvto.n le,gontej( Eiv evkba,lleij h`ma/j( avpo,steilon h`ma/j eivj th.n avge,lhn tw/n coi,rwnÅ kai. ei=pen auvtoi/j( ~Upa,gete, and the demons besought him saying, If thou cast us out, send us away into the herd of swine. And he said unto them, Go.183. An Imperative suggesting a hypothesis may or may not retain its imperative or hortatory force.
John 2:19; avpekri,qh VIhsou/j kai. ei=pen auvtoi/j( Lu,sate to.n nao.n tou/ton kai. evn trisi.n h`me,raij evgerw/ auvto,n, Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.
1 Cor. 7:36; kai. (eiv) ou[twj ovfei,lei gi,nesqai( o] qe,lei poiei,tw( ouvc a`marta,nei( gamei,twsan, and it need so require, let him do what he will; he sinneth not; let them marry.Luke 6:37; mh. kri,nete( kai. ouv mh. kriqh/te, judge not, and ye shall not be judged. Cf. John 2:19, above.184. Any tense of the Imperative may be used in positive commands, the distinction of force being that of the tenses of the dependent moods in general. Cf. 95 ff. In prohibitions, on the other hand, the use of the Imperative is confined almost entirely to the Present tense. A few instances only of the Aorist occur. Cf. 163.