|(Fig. 271). And so this granite
hall of Khafre in the Pyramid Age was the ancestor of the leading form
of Christian architecture as it developed in Europe three thousand five
hundred years later.
But before a century had passed, such massive grandeur
as we find in this great hall of Khafre (Fig.
55) was being trans- formed by the Egyptian’s growing sense
of grace and beauty. Instead of ponderous square piers or pillars
the architects now began to erect light and graceful round columns with
beautiful capitals; these were ranged in long rows, the earliest colonnades
(Fig. 56), dating from the twenty-eighth
century B.C. They were peculiar to Egypt, for when our study